Diabetes is a fairly misunderstood disease when it comes to the general public. Most people know it has something to do with sugar or obesity or both, but few know exactly what it is unless they or someone they know is affected by it. There are three main types of diabetes, with type 2, the insulin-resistant type, accounting for about 90% of all cases. Type 2 diabetics are all insulin resistant, but not everyone who is insulin resistant is diabetic, at least not at first.
Insulin is important because it regulates the number of nutrients circulating in your bloodstream. Some of the nutrients it affects are sugar, fat, and protein. Too much of these in the bloodstream, especially sugar, can cause serious adverse effects. If you have become insulin resistant, you can, in most cases, reduce or reverse it through multiple avenues such as weight loss, smoking cessation, physical activity or medication, like a recommended acarbose dose.
Troublingly, insulin resistance is initially asymptomatic, including your having normal blood sugar. Since type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance, it is important to reverse it before it develops into diabetes. The asymptomatic nature of the condition, however, contributes to it being ignored until symptoms of diabetes appear. This is why it is important to see a health practitioner regularly, especially if you have conditions or behaviors known to contribute to insulin resistance such as obesity, lack of physical activity, or smoking.
Ways to Reduce
Unlike many other medical conditions, there are steps you can take right away to reduce and hopefully ultimately reverse insulin resistance. The number one way is physical activity. Since physical activity uses blood glucose, thus reducing the need for insulin to regulate it, getting up and moving is the best way to begin reducing your insulin resistance. Beyond that, weight loss, smoking cessation, regulation of sugar intake, eating primarily unprocessed foods, intermittent fasting, sleep and use of supplements are other good paths to explore.
Diabetes is a tough condition that requires daily focus to reduce its negative impact on your health. Understanding the role insulin resistance plays in the development of the most common type of diabetes, however, will allow you to partner with your health practitioner and improve your lifestyle so you can better identify your susceptibility to the disease and take necessary steps to reduce or reverse any insulin resistance that has begun.